Will God allow our disobedience and idolatry to go unpunished?
No, every sin is against the sovereignty, holiness, and goodness of God, and against his righteous law, and God is righteously angry with our sins and will punish them in his just judgment both in this life, and in the life to come.
What is idolatry?
Idolatry is trusting in created things rather than the Creator for our hope and happiness, significance and security.
What is sin?
Sin is rejecting or ignoring God in the world he created, rebelling against him by living without reference to him, not being or doing what he requires in his law—resulting in our death and the disintegration of all creation.
Since no one can keep the law, what is its purpose?
That we may know the holy nature and will of God, and the sinful nature and disobedience of our hearts; and thus our need of a Savior. The law also teaches and exhorts us to live a life worthy of our Savior.
Small group discussion questions…
What is the purpose of the law? See Romans 3:20
What is not the purpose of the law? See Romans 3:20
What inclines us to think that obeying the law earns us extra favor with God?
Read Romans 3:21-22. What different things does Paul tells us
about this righteousness? To whom is this righteousness available? Why is this surprising considering the context of Romans 3:10-20?
How might you try to explain the usefulness of the law to a non-Christian?
Complete this sentence in less than 20 words: “The heart of the Christian good news is…”
Did God create us unable to keep his law?
No, but because of the disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, all of creation is fallen; we are all born in sin and guilt, corrupt in our nature and unable to keep God’s law.
Small group discussion questions…
Why is our connection to Adam so vital to understanding justification?
Discuss the possible meaning of vs. 14
What phrase ties 1-11 and 12-21 together? Why is it so important?
We are imputed twice according to this passage, what and where do you see this?
Does this doctrine give you greater cause for trust?
Can anyone keep the law of God perfectly?
Since the fall, no mere human has been able to keep the law of God perfectly, but consistently breaks it in thought, word, and deed.
What does God require in the ninth and tenth commandments?
Ninth, that we do not lie or deceive, but speak the truth in love. Tenth, that we are content, not envying anyone or resenting what God has given them or us.
Small group discussion questions…
Read Exodus 20, 1-17
How are commandments 9 and 10 connected?
How does lying or deceiving harm our efforts to love our neighbor?
Read 1 Timothy 6:6-11… Why is contentment so difficult?
Can we truly find satisfaction in Christ?
Give 3 specific ways that treasuring God above all things can lead to
satisfaction in him.
What does God require in the sixth, seventh, and eighth commandments?
Sixth, that we do not hurt, or hate, or be hostile to our neighbor, but be patient and peaceful, pursuing even our enemies with love. Seventh, that we abstain from sexual immorality and live purely and faithfully, whether in marriage or in single life, avoiding all impure actions, looks, words, thoughts, or desires, and whatever might lead to them. Eighth, that we do not take without permission that which belongs to someone else, nor withhold any good from someone we might benefit.
Let’s pray and confess together these sins of our hearts
+ You shall seek reconciliation, be kind, love and pray for your
- You shall not be selfishly angry, harbor bitterness, or insult and
rage against others
+ You shall dwell on pure, lovely, and honorable things; respect
and serve others
- You shall not covet; fantasize; linger on things that can sway
your heart toward sin
+ You shall be good stewards, be generous, and serve others
- You shall not be greedy, tight-gripped on your stuff, covet
Main request: that we would love our
neighbors as we love ourselves
What does God require in the fourth and fifth commandments?
Fourth, that on the Sabbath day we spend time in public and private worship of God, rest from routine employment, serve the Lord and others, and so anticipate the eternal Sabbath. Fifth, that we love and honor our father and our mother, submitting to their godly discipline and direction.
Discussion questions. from Leviticus 19:1-4
Why is holiness such a big deal to God?
Discuss the connection between keeping a proper sabbath and honoring parents.
What does holiness have to do with the fourth and fifth commandments?
Describe why a return to Proper Sabbath would be beneficial to you and family.
What does God require in the first, second, and third commandments?
First, that we know and trust God as the only true and living God. Second, that we avoid all idolatry and do not worship God improperly. Third, that we treat God’s name with fear and reverence, honoring also his Word and works.
Why is it important to remember that God delivered Israel from slavery first, then gave the commands?
How does the Bible describe worship? Relate these three commands to Romans 12:1-2.
How is jealousy a virtue for God but generally a vice in humans? Why is it good for God to demand His own worship and defend His own glory?
Rather than despair, the Ten Commandments should give us hope. Why? (See Galatians 3:10-14; Romans 8:1)
The Gospel Coalition has videos like this for every Q&A available here (https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/new-city-catechism/), but we found this one especially helpful.
What is the law of God stated in the Ten Commandments?
You shall have no other gods before me. You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below—you shall not bow down to them or worship them. You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Honor your father and your mother. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not give false testimony. You shall not covet.
Q&A #8 – Discussion Questions
For each of the Ten Commandments below, how did Jesus expand some of them in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7)? How do we transgress them today?
You shall have no other gods before me
You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below – you shall not bow down to them or worship them
You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God
Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy
Honor your father and mother
You shall not murder
You shall not commit adultery
You shall not steal
You shall not give false testimony
You shall not covet
What does the law of God require?
Personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience; that we love God with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength; and love our neighbor as ourselves. What God forbids should never be done and what God commands should always be done.
Q&A #7 – Discussion Questions
Complete these questions with your group on Matthew 22:34-40.
The context of a passage is essential for proper understanding. Describe the context of Matthew 22:34-40, what comes before (22:23-33, but also notice 21:23, 45-46; 22:15) and what comes after (22:41-46, but also notice 23:1-12).
The first and second greatest commands are not mutually exclusive but are tied together. Describe the relationship between these two commands. Provide a Bible reference as an example of their relationship if you can.
I’d like to keep God’s law perfectly. How do I do that?
List some specific examples of how Jesus perfectly obeyed these two greatest commands, devoting Himself to loving God and loving others
Why should we love God with all of our hearts, souls, and minds? List any helpful verses that come mind.
How can we glorify God?
We glorify God by enjoying him, loving him, trusting him, and by obeying his will, commands, and law.
What else did God create?
God created all things by his powerful Word, and all his creation was very good; everything flourished under his loving rule.
How and why did God create us?
God created us male and female in his own image to know him, love him, live with him, and glorify him. And it is right that we who were created by God should live to his glory.
How many persons are there in God?
There are three persons in the one true and living God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. They are the same in substance, equal in power and glory.
What is God?
God is the creator and sustainer of everyone and everything. He is eternal, infinite, and unchangeable in his power and perfection, goodness and glory, wisdom, justice, and truth. Nothing happens except through him and by his will.
What is our only hope in life and death?
That we are not our own but belong, body and soul, both in life and death, to God and to our Savior Jesus Christ.
Is there any way to escape punishment and be brought back into God’s favor?
Yes, to satisfy his justice, God himself, out of mere mercy, reconciles us to himself and delivers us from sin and from the punishment for sin, by a Redeemer.
Discussion questions based on Isaiah 52:13 - 53:12 (adapted from The Navigator's Life Change Series: Isaiah)
How did people regard God’s servant when He came among them (53:2-3)?
The central feature of the Servant’s life was suffering. What afflictions did the Servant experience?
Reference 53:3 –
Reference 53:4 –
Reference 53:5 –
Reference 53:7-9 –
With what attitude did the Servant undergo His afflictions (53:7)?
Why did people respond to the Servant as they did (53:2-4)?
What did the people think when they saw what happened to the Servant (53:4)?
However, what was the real purpose of the Servant’s suffering (53:4-6, 10-12)?
The Servant would be executed as a criminal and buried (53:8-9). Nevertheless, what else did Isaiah promise would be true of Him (52:13; 53:10-12)?
Can you identify with the way Isaiah describes us as straying sheep in 53:6? If so, how?
Having been “numbered with the transgressors,” the Servant is able to make “intercession for the transgressors” (53:12). Why is this so? (See Hebrews 4:14-16.)
Who is the Redeemer?
The only Redeemer is the Lord Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of God, in whom God became man and bore the penalty for sin himself.